Ultimate Guide to Cannabis Laws in Canada: All Provinces & Territories

ultimate guide to the marijuana laws

 

The history and juridical status of cannabis use in Canada is a little complex and can be confusing at times. Thankfully we have written this article to assist people in understanding the history and what the current situation is in your particular part of the country, so here we go.

Canada legalised the use of medical cannabis in 2001. In 2018, the Canadian Prime Minister (Justin Trudeau) guided through landmark legislation for the legalisation of recreational cannabis across Canada. Although the Federal Government has dictated the overall law, the finer details have been left to the jurisdiction of individual provinces.

Where is medical cannabis legal?

To understand your rights and to protect yourself from inadvertent illegal activity, we have produced this province-by-province guide. Here you will learn how the law has changed and how this could impact you.

Bill C-45 has allowed for the legalisation of cannabis use, but The Cannabis Act requires each province to decide on such matters as minimum legal age to possess cannabis and how many grams can be in the possession of a user to constitute personal use (to name but two issues). This makes the legalisation of cannabis complex, and it is essential to understand the law across provinces. (Click The Province Below to See Specific Province Information)

 

New Brunswick

 

Alberta Cannabis Laws

medical marijuana laws Canada

Age

Alberta has a minimum age of 18 for the purchase of recreational cannabis. This is a year younger than most other provinces, which have set the limit at 19. This age limit is the same as the age of tobacco and alcohol sales. If you are under 18, you can be prescribed cannabis for medical use. A doctor must prescribe this.

Purchasing

You can purchase your recreational cannabis from licensed dispensaries that you can find through online channels or on the local shopping street. There are predicted to approximately 250 of these by the end of 2018. These dispensaries must be physically independent of any store selling tobacco, alcohol or pharmaceuticals. They are expected to be highly secure. These bricks and mortar stores are set to be open from 10 am to 2 am.

You should also be able to purchase recreational cannabis online within this province.

If you are wondering what does medical cannabis treat? Well, you can also purchase medical cannabis online and have this delivered by mail order. This is only permitted if there is a prescription from a health professional.

Possession

You can possess a maximum of 30gms of recreational cannabis on your person. You can store a maximum of 150gms of recreational cannabis at home.
You can possess a month’s prescription of medicinal cannabis. This is calculated at 30 times your daily amount, no matter what month of the year. If this amount is less than 150gms, you can possess up to the 150gms limit in your home.

Growing

In February 2016, legislation allowed for the cultivation of medical cannabis at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal. This may not be the case if you rent your house, as you may be restricted from growing cannabis within your rental agreement of condominium law.

Consume

If you are permitted to smoke tobacco, then the law allows you to smoke cannabis. This means you will not be able to smoke in most public places, particularly where children can be found, such as playgrounds, schools, childcare centres, hospitals, etc.
You cannot consume cannabis in a vehicle. You can consume cannabis in a residential or live-in vehicle, such as an RV. However, the vehicle must be still, and you must not operate the vehicle while under the influence of cannabis.
It is essential to check the rules in individual cities across Alberta, as some cities allow for smoking in certain places that others do not.

Other

Alberta is the only province set to charge an additional tax on cannabis, which is in addition to federal tax. On average, it is likely to cost you between $7 and $12 per gram of dried cannabis.
The selling of cannabis is subject to laws within the Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Act.


Medical Cannabis Canada

If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

British Columbia Cannabis Laws

British Columbia medical cannabis law guide

Age
As with most provinces in Canada, the legal minimum age to purchase, consume or sell cannabis is 19. If you require medical cannabis under the age of 19, then you will need a prescription.

Purchasing
You can buy recreational cannabis from physical, licensed dispensaries. However, towards the end of October, only one store opened with a license. This store opened on the day cannabis was legalised.
There were 115 applications for licenses before the October 17th date of legalisation.
It is possible to purchase recreational cannabis online in the province.
If you are wondering what does medical cannabis treat? You can also purchase medical cannabis online and have this delivered by mail order. This is only permitted if there is a prescription from a health professional. See the ‘Medical Cannabis Canada’ section below for details.

Possession
You can possess a maximum of 30gms of recreational cannabis on your person. You can store a maximum of 150gms of recreational cannabis at home.
You can possess a month’s prescription of medicinal cannabis. This is calculated at 30 times your daily amount, no matter what month of the year. If this amount is less than 150gms, you can possess up to the 150gms limit in your home.

Growing
British Columbia's laws are in-line with the legislation passed in February 2016, which allows for medical cannabis cultivation of four plants at home for medical use.

Consume
It is not permitted to consume cannabis in any public place in British Columbia. This limits consumption to your private accommodation only.

Other
The focus of British Columbia law is on protecting young people, the health and safety of residents, keeping roads safe, and keeping crime out of cannabis. The Cannabis Control and Licensing Act are entirely focused on supporting continued economic development.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Manitoba Cannabis Laws

mmj laws Manitoba

Age
Manitoba has set the minimum age at 19 or above, which is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
You can purchase cannabis online through licensed retailers.
Manitoba has left decisions about physical stores to each municipality. At the time of the change of law in October, there were only six stores open in the province. Five stores were opened in Winnipeg and one store was open in Dauphin.
If you are wondering what does medical cannabis treat? You can also purchase medical cannabis online and have this delivered by mail order. This is only permitted if there is a prescription from a health professional.

Possession
You can possess a maximum of 30gms of recreational cannabis on your person. You can store a maximum of 150gms of recreational cannabis at home.
You can possess a month’s prescription of medicinal cannabis. This is calculated at 30 times your daily amount, no matter what month of the year. If this amount is less than 150gms, you can possess up to the 150gms limit in your home.

Growing

Growing cannabis is against the law in Manitoba. You can be subject to a fine of over $2500 unless you are licensed to cultivate medical cannabis.

If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Consume
You cannot consume cannabis in public in Manitoba. You must consume cannabis in your private accommodation.

Other
Manitoba Liquor, Gaming and Cannabis Authority insist on cannabis being grown under specific conditions if it is to be sold and/or consumed in the province. They state this is a means of ensuring the safe cannabis use of its citizens.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

New Brunswick Cannabis Laws

new Brunswick cannabis laws

Age
New Brunswick has set the minimum age at 19 or above. This is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
You can buy recreational cannabis from physical, licensed dispensaries. In October, there were 20 licensed shops opened.
It is possible to purchase recreational cannabis online in the province.
If you are wondering what does medical cannabis treat? You can find this information online and you can also purchase medical cannabis online and have this delivered by mail order. This is only permitted if there is a prescription from a health professional, www.namastemd.com.
If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
There is no maximum upper limit for possession of cannabis at home, though your supply must always be locked away or safe. You can possess a maximum of 30gms when out of your home, whether this is for recreational or medical use.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for the growing of medicinal cannabis at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal. The law demands that these plants be kept in a locked space.

Consume
You must consume cannabis in private accommodation. It is not permitted to consume cannabis in public in New Brunswick.

Other
As with other provinces, the law dictates that attention must be paid to public health education and raising awareness. However, there is an acceptance that there is an opportunity for economic prosperity from this new industry.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Newfoundland and Labrador Cannabis Laws

new Newfoundland and Labrador medical marijuana laws

Age
Newfoundland & Labrador have set the minimum age at 19 or above, which is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
The system for buying cannabis is complex in Newfoundland and Labrador. There is a tier system for licenses of recreation cannabis. Tier 1 shops will only sell cannabis. Tier 2 shops will be smaller complexes within bigger stores. Tier 3 will be a service desk with a separate cash desk, as consumers will have seen in natural health stores. Tier 4 is a stand-alone point of sale counter, where the cannabis must be kept out of sight.
There were 20 differently tiered outlets in the province in October 2018.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
We can provide this prescription and delivery service, www.namastemd.com. If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
There is no maximum upper limit for possession of cannabis at home. You can possess a maximum of 30gms when out of your home, whether this is for recreational or medical use.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for medical cannabis cultivation at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal.

Consume
You must consume cannabis in private accommodation. Consuming cannabis in a public place in New Newfoundland and Labrador is not permitted.

Other
There is a commitment from politicians in the province to ensure that the population have a legal cannabis shop within 50km of all homes.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Northwest Territories Cannabis Laws

medical marijuana laws in northwest territories Canada

Age
Northwest Territories have set the minimum age at 19 or above. This is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
It is only possible to purchase recreational cannabis online from Northwest Territories Liquor or some Northwest Territories physical stores.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.
Inuvik is the only community in the Northwest Territories that has stated that no cannabis can be sold within liquor stores.

Possession
You can possess a maximum of 30gms of recreational cannabis on your person. If you are travelling in a car or other vehicle, you must keep the cannabis out of reach of all people within the vehicle. The cannabis must always be in a sealed container.
You can store a maximum of 150gms of recreational cannabis at home.
You can possess a month’s prescription of medicinal cannabis. This is calculated at 30 times your daily amount. If this amount is less than 150gms, you can possess up to the 150gms limit in your home.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for the growing of medicinal cannabis at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal. These plants must be grown indoors. You must also buy the seeds from a legal supplier. If you are in rented property, you may be restricted from growing at home by your rental agreement or by condominium law.

Consume
You can consume cannabis anywhere where you are permitted to smoke tobacco. This means you will find the consumption of cannabis banned in most public places, particularly where you will find children, such as playgrounds, schools, hospitals, etc.
Community governments within the province have control over where cannabis can be consumed within their boundaries. Therefore, you need to check with the local authorities before consuming your cannabis in any public place.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Nova Scotia Cannabis Laws

Medical cannabis law guide Nova Scotia Canada

Age
Nova Scotia has set the minimum age at 19 or above, which is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
Physical stores who sell cannabis are limited to selected Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation stores, where they sell alcohol. It is possible to buy cannabis online for recreational use; however, you must register for a valid ID first in a Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation store.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
We can provide this prescription and delivery service, see below. If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
You can possess a maximum of 30gms of recreational cannabis on your person. If you are travelling in a car or other vehicle, you must keep the cannabis out of reach of all people within the vehicle. The cannabis must always be in a sealed container.
There is no upper limit on possession of cannabis in the home. However, there is an advisory set that states this cannabis must be stored safely in the house, especially if the home is shared with children and/or animals.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for medical cannabis cultivation at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal. Each municipality within Nova Scotia is permitted to pass by-laws about the growing of cannabis; therefore it is vital to check with local authorities first.

Consume
You cannot consume cannabis in public in Nova Scotia. This is per Nova Scotia Smoke-Free Places Act and is the same rule for cigarettes and even e-cigarettes. This means that you can only consume cannabis in private or in designated smoking rooms.

Other
Nova Scotia authorities have spent much time refurbishing the nine existing liquor stores so that they have a separate cannabis section behind frosted glass. There are plans to open two more, which will comply with this legislation. Each store has a tablet device aimed at educating customers, helping them to select the appropriate product.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Nunavut Cannabis Laws

Nunavut mmj laws

Age
Nunavut has set the minimum age at 19 or above. This is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
The local liquor commission tightly controls recreational cannabis. They have set up online sales, and it is possible to purchase over the phone and through government agents. There are no bricks and mortar stores, although the rules in the provinces do permit these stores to open.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.

Possession
You can possess 30gms on your person. There are no upper limits for possession of cannabis in the home, whether recreational or medicinal.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for medical cannabis cultivation at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal.

Consume
You are limited to consuming cannabis in private accommodation in Nunavut.
Other
Nunavut has limited infrastructure and law relating to cannabis, in comparison to other provinces across Canada. This may be because of the size of the province, as the sparsity of population. However, there were also elections in late 2017, which delayed potential legislation. This has led to each city and town coming up with rules about cannabis activities, so it is essential to check before you try.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Ontario Cannabis Laws

marijuana laws Ontario

Age
Ontario has set the minimum age at 19 or above, which is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
There are no physical stores for the selling of recreational cannabis in Ontario. The province does run online sales, which can be delivered by mail order.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
We can provide this prescription and delivery service. If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
You can possess 30gms on your person. There are no upper limits for possession of cannabis in the home, whether recreational or medicinal.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for the growing of cannabis at home, by all those legally permitted to possess it. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal (i.e. for Ontario medical Cannabis). If you are in a rented property you may be restricted from growing at home by your rental agreement or by condominium law.

Consume
You can consume cannabis anywhere where you can smoke tobacco. There are bans on smoking in places where children can be found, and you should not consume cannabis in a vehicle. It is possible to consume cannabis in a vehicle where you can live, such as an RV, though the vehicle cannot be moving. You must not handle a vehicle under the influence of cannabis.
It is essential to check the rules on consumption in Ontario, as each municipality have been permitted to pass by-laws. Therefore, it is important to check before consuming cannabis in a public place.

Other
Ontario has opted for tight regulation of cannabis sales. Therefore, sales will be private. This means there are at present no physical cannabis dispensaries, and it is estimated that April 2019 will be the earliest to expect such stores after the lottery to grand licences.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Prince Edward Island Cannabis Laws

mmj laws Prince Edwards

Age
Prince Edward Island has set the minimum age at 19 or above, which is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
You can currently purchase recreational cannabis in 4 stores. These are located in Charlottetown, Montague and Summerside, as well as in the West Prince region. The province also offers online sales.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
You can possess 30gms on your person. There are no upper limits for possession of cannabis in the home, whether recreational or medicinal.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for medical cannabis cultivation at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal. This may not be the case if you rent your house, as you may be restricted from growing cannabis within your rental agreement of condominium law.

Consume
You cannot consume cannabis in any place that is considered public. This means you can only consume cannabis in your private accommodation.

Other
Prince Edward Island Cannabis Management Corporation is working towards giving access to cannabis, whether recreational or medical, to whoever wants or requires it. They are planning to review consumption statistics and consider plans for expansion in the future.

 

Quebec Cannabis Laws

cannabis laws Quebec

Age

Quebec has a minimum age of 18 for the purchase of recreational cannabis. This is a year younger than most other provinces, who set the limit at 19. This age limit is the same as the age of tobacco and alcohol sales. If you are under 18, you can be prescribed cannabis for medical use. A doctor must prescribe this.
However, political moves are being made to change the age to 21 for the use of recreational cannabis.

Purchasing
The Societe Quebecoise du cannabis (SQC) will run internet sales and is responsible for opening 15 physical stores.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
We can provide this prescription and delivery service. If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
You can possess a maximum of 30gms of recreational cannabis on your person. You can store a maximum of 150gms of recreational cannabis at home.
You can possess a month’s prescription of medicinal cannabis. This is calculated at 30 times your daily amount, no matter what month of the year. If this amount is less than 150gms, you can possess up to the 150gms limit in your home.

Growing
Quebec has made the growing of cannabis illegal. If you are caught growing cannabis, you will be given a $750 fine. If you commit a second offence, then these penalties get worse. The only way to grow your own cannabis is if you have a medical license.

Consume
In Quebec, it is more important than anywhere else in Canada to check local policies. In Montreal, for instance, you can smoke cannabis anywhere you can smoke tobacco. However, in Quebec City, smoking in public is completely prohibited. Get this wrong, and you could face a $3000 fine.

Other
The trend in politics is away from any tolerance of cannabis. Recently elected officials have spoken against recreational use. Therefore, it is best to stick to private property when consuming cannabis.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Saskatchewan Cannabis Laws

Saskatchewan marijuana laws

Age
Saskatchewan has set the minimum age at 19 or above, which is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
The Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority have responsibility for the overseeing of online and store-based sales.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
We can provide this prescription and delivery service. If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
You can possess 30gms on your person. There are no upper limits for possession of cannabis in the home, whether recreational or medicinal.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for the growing of medicinal cannabis at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal. This may not be the case if you rent your house, as you may be restricted from growing cannabis within your rental agreement of condominium law.

Consume
You will be expected to consume cannabis in private in Saskatchewan.
Other
The authority in Saskatchewan have stated that public health is of primary importance to them; hence consumption is banned in public places. They expect most sales to come from online, but they have plans to open private stores and assess the impact on communities.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all

 

Yukon Cannabis Laws

marijuana laws Yukon

Age
Saskatchewan has set the minimum age at 19 or above. This is similar to most other provinces in Canada. If you are under 19, you can be prescribed medical cannabis by a doctor.

Purchasing
The province manages online sales. There are plans to offer private retail stores, but a policy is still under development.
You can purchase medical cannabis online for delivery by mail if prescribed by a health professional.
We can provide this prescription and delivery service. If you would like to check the license for the production and selling of medicinal cannabis, you can see this on Health Canada’s website.

Possession
You can possess 30gms on your person. There are no upper limits for possession of cannabis in the home, whether recreational or medicinal.

Growing
In February 2016, legislation allowed for medical cannabis cultivation at home. Growing a maximum of 4 plants at one time is legal. This may not be the case if you rent your house, as you may be restricted from growing cannabis within your rental agreement of condominium law.

Consume
You should consume cannabis, whether recreational or medicinal, in private.
Other
The primary concern of the Yukon authorities is to keep cannabis out of the hands of young people. It is considered a serious offence to supply to children or enable them to consume cannabis.

Medical Cannabis Canada
If you are a medical cannabis patient or wish to be and are wondering how to get a free medical cannabis prescription online please visit www.namastemd.com And if you have a medical cannabis prescription and need an online medical cannabis dispensary please visit our shop www.cannmart.com/collections/all