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Edibles are cannabis-based food products. Edibles come in many different forms, from gummies to infused oils, and contain either one or both of cannabis’ active ingredients: THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Edibles are typically made with concentrated cannabis or flower infusion.
Infused foods are intended to be consumed either by eating or drinking. Examples include confectioneries, baked goods, and beverages, however the possibilities are endless when it comes to infusion options. Infused goods are absorbed through the digestive tract and provide an inhalation-free option to cannabis, though it can take much longer than smoking or vaping to feel effects. However, depending on the dose and potency levels, effects can feel more pronounced and may last longer than what you experience when smoking or vaping.
DON’T REFRIGERATE OPEN CONTAINERS: Due to the presence of THC and CBD, edible Chocolate, gummies, etc. quickly absorbs odors of whatever’s in the refrigerator. Moisture in the fridge can also lead to “sugar bloom,” meaning the sugar rises to the surface and discolors the edible.
STORE IT IN A COOL, DRY PLACE: Too much heat or humidity can have a negative effect on the form, potency and flavour of your edibles. For example chocolates kept at a temperature between 65 and 68°F with a humidity ranging less than 55% can help keep cocoa solidified and the cannabinoids.
SEAL THEM IN AN AIR-TIGHT CONTAINER: Oxygen does just what you’d expect it to; it oxidizes the THC in the cannabis, which causes undesired flavors to develop.
KEEP THEM AWAY FROM THE LIGHT: Light can cause a negative reaction in your cannabis products, their taste and potency levels. Remember this is not only natural light, but artificial light as well.
Knowing how to make edibles requires a certain amount of knowledge, even with cooking, to craft the perfect batch. Always remember you can infuse any meal, drink or dish- but to truly cook with cannabis is to work with the flavour profiles of your ingredients and cannabis together. That includes;
1) Follow a specific recipe & use the directed ingredients
2) Pick your strain or cultivar of cannabis for your edibles
3) Decarboxylate your cannabis by heating it at the recommended recipe temperature (skip this step if you have pre-made infused oils or concentrates to cook with)
4) Infuse as directed whether this be strain, a low simmer, a measured amount or in a device
Edibles are classified into three major groups based on their components, they are;
1) CBD Dominant Edibles
2) THC Dominant Edibles
3) Balanced THC/CBD Edibles
As the name indicates, these are food items that contain CBD. Many CBD edibles are available in the market, including dried fruits, chocolates, CBD gummies, etc. Many people use CBD edibles for getting a wide range of health benefits provided by this compound.
THC has a psychoactive effect that many consumers desire with additional medicinal properties that are still being studied. THC edibles will only contain the THC cannabinoid with no CBD present.
Balanced edibles are for consumers looking for less engagement with THC and more engagement with the benefits cannabis may have for them as an individual. Balanced products are usually 1:1 or 50% THC and 50% CBD, however, they can range from 1:20, 1:4 and so on.
To an outsider, it might be easy to assume that edibles are pretty much limited to brownies and cookies. But the reality is way more complex. Edibles represent a unique and massive galaxy within the universe of cannabis. Each different type of edible has its distinct characteristics and uses, especially when flavours come into play. Here are the best types of edibles.
This is the most well-known type of edible. For most consumers, chewable edibles remain the best type of edible. Cannabis-infused foods can take virtually any shape or form, from desserts to pizza sauce, to full meals, potato chips, and on and on.
This type of edible can be incredibly potent. Food can also be a little bit tricky to dose accurately. In general, it takes longer for your high to set in when the THC is metabolized through your stomach and liver, so be patient and give it time.
As with regular foods, drinkable edibles must incorporate decarboxylated cannabis in some way, usually in a nano-immulsion or distillate infusion. Drinkable edibles are designed to metabolize primarily through your stomach and liver and be just as potent as traditional food edibles.
Tinctures are usually MCT oil based with cannabis usually extracted through alcohol-based extraction methods. They’re considered edibles because they are designed to be absorbed through the glands in your mouth and under your tongue.
Typically, when you use a tincture, you’ll place a few drops of the liquid beneath your tongue. Hold it there for a recommended 1 minute period to give it time to soak in sublingually.
From there, the cannabinoids in the tincture enter the bloodstream to start producing effects. Tinctures have been around for a very long time but haven’t been all that popular compared to other different types of edibles. These products are a very good option for medical patients who do not need the experience of eating a food based edible.
Cannabinoid powders are incredibly versatile. Because they’re dissolvable, you can use cannabinoid powder to turn pretty much anything into an edible. Powders are particularly perfect for beverages. Try mixing them into your favorite tea or juice. You can add them to a smoothie or a protein shake for a little extra kick.
Similarly, you can also cook or bake with cannabinoid powders. This gives you the freedom to easily add a little THC or CBD to your favorite recipe, effectively transforming anything into an edible.
Cannabis capsules are metabolized in your digestive system rather than inhaled into your lungs. The biggest plus to using capsules is that they are very discreet and low-key. You take them just like any ordinary pill.
The foundation of edible is some fat that’s been infused with THC or CBD. It turns out that cannabinoids bind to several different fats, which means that things like butter, coconut oil, and other similar fatty substances are easily used to pull cannabinoids out of cannabis. For THC edibles to be effective, any edible must first be decarboxylated. This is done by applying heat to the cannabis plant material to “activate” the cannabinoids. High quality edibles are a good option for anybody ready to explore the world of medicinal cannabis use. Remember to store your edibles through the recommended list in this blog to optimize their shelf life & consistency.